Tuberculosis Symptoms and Signs

Tuberculosis symptoms include:

  • Productive cough
  • Hemoptysis (at times)
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Night sweats
  • Fever
  • Pleuritic pain
  • General Malaise
  • OFTEN – No Symptoms

Tuberculosis Signs Include:

  • Evidence of a lower respiratory tract infection – very non specific

Imaging:

  • Chest X-ray:




Introduction: Tuberculosis Disease Morphology
The secondary pulmonary tuberculous lesion is located in the apex of one or both lungs . It begins as a small focus of consolidation, usually less than 3 cm in diameter. Less commonly, initial lesions may be located in other regions of the lung, particularly about the hilus. In almost every case of reinfection, the regional nodes develop foci of similar tuberculous activity, in the favorable case, the initial parenchymal focus develops a small area of caseation necrosis that does not cavitate because if fails to communicate with a bronchus or bronchiole. The usual course is one of progressive fibrous encapsulation, leaving only fibrocalcific scars…

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