Valvular Heart Disease

Causing Chest Discomfort or Pain

When evaluating a patient's chest discomfort or pain, the major types of Valvular Heart Disease that need to be considered include Aortic Stenosis and Aortic Insufficiency.

The guidelines below outline the major differences between the two conditions. The image presents a useful image of the pathology of a patient suffering from Aortic Stenosis.

  1. Aortic Stenosis
    • Classic symptom triad of angina, congestive heart failure (CHF) and syncope

  2. Aortic Insufficiency

Aortic Stenosis

Gross pathology of rheumatic heart disease: aortic stenosis. Aorta has been removed to show thickened, fused aortic valve leaflets and opened coronary arteries from above.

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